Olivia (heroesknowitall) wrote in cubeshine,

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Weimar Germany [1918—1925]

1926—1934 will be added on here at a later date.

→ November — Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates and flees to Holland and the armistice is signed. There is also an attempted revolution in Munich and a German Republic is declared with the government being led by Freidrich Ebert.

→ January — Revolt in Berlin led by the Spartacists (German Communists) is crushed by the army and Freikorps. A National Assembly is elected.
→ 13th February — Friedrich Ebert becomes the first President of the Weimar Republic. First parliamentary government is formed.
→ April — A Soviet Republic is declared in Bavaria, the German Communists hope to follow the footsteps of the revolutionaries in Russia during the 1917 Revolution. 
→ May — The newly formed German government is presented with the Treaty of Versailles.
→ 28th June — The terms outlined in the Treaty of Versailles are accepted by the German government.
→ 31st July — The Weimar constitution is adopted.


March — Kapp Putsch (Right wing terrorism.) A Freikorps brigade led by Dr. Wolfgang Kapp and Luttwitz attempt takeover in Berlin and bring back the Kaiser. Following the failure of the Putsch, a paramilitary group called the Red Army rebelled in the Ruhr.
June — Elections for a Reichstag see a fall in votes for the Weimar Coalition.


May — Germany accepts reparations terms.
August — Matthias Erzberger (one of the politicians who signed the armistice with the Allies and was branded as a 'November Criminal') was shot. This was part of a nationalist terrorist group campaign that saw the assassination of 356 politicians.

April — Treaty of Rapallo with Russia is signed in Rapallo, Italy.
June — The SPD Foreign Minister, Walther Rathenau is assassinated by right-wing terrorists for signing a treaty with Russia.
July — Law for the Protection of the Republic is passed.


January — Germany is unable to pay reparations to the Allies; French and Belgian forces occupy the Ruhr and help themselves to natural resources. As the money Germany was obliged to pay the Allies was printed on paper money, the government simply printed more paper money to help pay off their debt. The occupation humiliated the government, which ordered a general strike, and paid the strikers by printing more money, causing hyperinflation.
July — Hitler becomes leader of the NSDAP.
September — Gustav Stresemann becomes Chancellor.
November — The SA are formed. Hitler attempts a putsch in Munich on 9th, fails and is arrested. The German currency (the Papiermark) collapses from hyperinflation. A new currency, the Rentenmark, is introduced.

1st April Hitler is sentenced to 5 years in jail for his attempted coup in Munich. As many judges are right-wing sympathisers, Hitler is released after only 9 months.
May — Nationalist vote increases in Reichstag elections.
August — Reichstag accepts the Dawes Plan, a series of American loans used to help the German economy recover following hyperinflation.
20th December — Hitler is released. He writes ‘Mein Kampf’ during his stay in prison and realises that he must use the constitution to get into power.

February — President Ebert dies.
16th April — Hindenburg is elected as President; openly favours a monarchy similar to the rule of the Kaiser.
October — Locarno treaties are signed, which would allow Germany to join the League of Nations in September 1926.

Tags: [a2] history
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