Olivia (heroesknowitall) wrote in cubeshine,

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World War Two

It came to my attention yesterday after History that I have absolutely no idea what happened during World War Two. I know a metric ton of stuff that happened before and leading up to the war, and I'm ashamed to say that the height of my knowledge about this war was that the good guys won in the end. Anyway, for personal betterment I'm going to post up some key events from the war that I'll be able to use for revision.

→ League of Nations crumbles, blows to importance reach an all time low after the Manchurian Crisis (1932) in which the League was unable to do anything after Japan conquered Manchuria.
→ The Sudetenland Crisis (September) — Chamberlain's policy of Appeasement (giving Hitler a little of what he wanted, in this case allowing Hitler to take control over areas of Czechoslovakia that have a German population of over 50%
→ 30th September — Chamberlain returns to Britain flaunting the document Hitler signed agreeing not to go to war, German troops march into the Sudetenland.

→ 15th March — German troops marched into Czechoslovakia. They took over Bohemia and established a protectorate over Slovakia. Hitler's invasion marked the end of appeasement as he broke his promise made in Munich the previous year.
→ 17th March — Chamberlain gave a speech saying that he could not longer trust Hitler to retrain from invading other countries.
→ 31st March — Chamberlain guarantees to defend Poland if invaded by Germany.
→ 23rd August — the Nazi-Soviet (Ribbentrop-Molotov) pact is signed, a promise not to declare war against the other and to secretly invade and divide Poland between themselves.
→ 1st September — Germany invades Poland.
→ 3rd September — Britain and France declare war on Nazi Germany.

→ Rationing introduced in Britain in the New Year.
→ April/May — German invasion of Denmark and Norway. Denmark surrendered immediately, Norway continued fighting with British and French assistance, but surrendered in June following the defeats in France.
→ 10th May — Hitler launched his 'Blitzkrieg' (Lightning War) against Holland and Belgium. Rotterdam was severely bombed and both countries were under Nazi Germany occupationChamberlain is replaced by Winston Churchill as Prime Minister and became the new head of the war time coalition. Germany invaded France and western Europe encountered the Blitzkrieg.
→ 26th May — Dunkirk, the British Commander-in-Chief had been forced to retreat to the coast of Dunkirk. Troops waited under merciless fire to be evacuated from the beaches. A call was issued to the owners of sea worthy vehicles to travel to Dunkirk and take the troops off the beaches. More than 338,000 men were rescued.
→ 11th June — Italy joins the war on the side of the Axis powers (Germany at this point.)
→ 22nd June — France signs an armistice (surrenders) with Germany with the fall of Paris in early June and the retreat of British forces following Dunkirk. 
→ 10th July—31st October — Battle of Britain. During July, Hitler sent his Luftwaffe bombers to attack British ports. During August, attacks on shipping continued but bombing raids were concentrated on RAF airfields. From 7th September, London was heavily bombed which is known as the Blitz, Hitler wanted to destroy the morale of the British people. Night bombings were carried out on London and other important industrial cities. The RAF defended the skies until 31st October when the raids stopped.
→ 22nd September — Pact of mutual alliance signed by Germany, Italy and Japan forming the Axis Powers.
December — Italian forces fighting in North Africa were forced to retreat after attacks from the British.

→ Early 1941German and Italian troops attacked Yugoslavia, Greece and the island of Crete. German Field Marshall Erwin Rommel led the Axis Powers back to North Africa
→ 22nd June — Germany breaks the Nazi-Soviet Pact and invades Russia with 'Operation Barbarossa' and sends 3 million troops and 3,500 tanks into Russia. Stalin signed a mutual assistance treaty with Britain, Germany was now fighting a European war on two fronts.
→ 7th December — The Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, in anticipation for the capture of British, French and Dutch colonies in South East Asia. 
→ 8th December — Britain and the United States of America declare war on Japan.

I'll put 1942 to 1945 up in separate entry tomorrow.

Tags: [a2] history
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