Olivia (heroesknowitall) wrote in cubeshine,

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Weimar Germany [1926—1934]

1918 to 1925 found here.

 September — Germany is admitted into the League of Nations.

→ August — Commercial treaty between France and Germany is signed.
 Stresemann introduced a series of reforms to improve living conditions for the working classes — The Labour Exchanges, unemployment pay and 3 million new houses were built.

→ 10th May — Number of socialist votes in Reichstag elections increase. Left wing gains; Nationalists lose; NSDAP wins 12 seats; middle parties decline.
→ May — SPD-led coalition under Hermann Müller; parties remain particularistic and irresponsible.
→ 1928 in general — Economic contraction, unemployment rises

→ September — Allies begin military evacuation of the Rhineland.
 October — Gustav Stresemann dies. The Wall Street Crash creates a world wide economic depression
→ December — Referendum upholds the decision to adopt the Young Plan.
 America recalls all the loans they gave to Germany following the economic crisis of 1923; unemployment rose to 6 million.

→ March — Müller cabinet resigns over budget and no viable parliamentary majority is left. Brüning is appointed as Chancellor by Hindenburg to work in a non-political Presidential cabinet and Brüning rules by decree. Attempts to ride out the Depression with orthodox economic policies and wants repeal over the terms in the Versailles Treaty.
→ 16th July — Brüning loses no confidence vote over emergency decree; parliament is dissolved; Brüning reissues decree but is rejected again.
→ 14th September — Reichstag elections. Huge turnout; Right is radicalised; Nazi vote increases but there is still no overall majority for any one party.

Apparently, nothing worth noting happened in 1931...

→ 25th February — Hitler is granted German citizenship.
→ 13th March — First round of the Presidential elections. Hindenburg beats Hitler in Presidential election.
→ May — Brüning resigns as Chancellor and is replaced by Franz von Papen in June.
→ July — von Papen Putsch against Prussian government. In the Reichstag elections, the Nazis become the largest political party in the Reichstag.
→ 9th July — Lausanne Agreement limits German reparations payment.
→ 17th July — Nazi street violence culminates in “bloody Sunday” clashes in Altona between NSDAP and KDP; 15 dead.
→ 13th August — Hindenburg denies Hitler Chancellorship; Nazi party begins to splinter.
14th September — Reparations repayments suspended.

 Novembervon Papen resigns as Chancellor and is replaced by von Schleicher. NSDAP vote in Reichstag election goes down from the July level.
→ 3rd December — von Schleicher is appointed as Chancellor.

→ 28th January — von Schleicher resigns as Chancellor.
→ 30th January — Hitler is appointed as Chancellor.
→ 27th February — Reichstag Fire and the Decree for the Protection of People and State is passed.
→ 28th February — Hitler is granted emergency powers.
→ February— First concentration camp set up (Ornienburg) 
→ March — NSDAP is the largest party in Reichstag elections but fails to win a majority.
→ 5th March — Reichstag elections amid Nazi pressure and terror; Hitler succeeds in obtaining a majority by disqualifying all the Communist deputies; new parliament grants Hitler his Enabling Act.
 April — Law for the Restoration of the Professional Civil Service.
 26th April — The Gestapo is founded.
1st May — May Day. Trade Unions are banned and the German Labour Force (DAF) is created in their places.
 Between 2nd and 13th May — Most labour union leaders arrested; property of independent unions confiscated. 
July — All political parties except the NSDAP are banned. The Concordat between the Catholic Church and the Nazis is signed.

 30th June — Night of the Long KnivesErnst Röhm and other SA leaders murdered
 July — By the Law Concerning Measures for the Defence of the State, the government justifies its actions in the Night of the Long Knives.
 2nd August — Hindenburg dies; Hitler declares himself Führer, merging party, executive, and prime ministerial functions; armed forces swear oath of loyalty to Hitler.
 19th August — Plebiscite allows Hitler to combine Chancellorship and Presidency.

Sources: 1//2

Tags: [a2] history
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